There are several determinants of health. And you want to get the most out of a wellness program in the workplace, right?
In essence, employee health in the workplace is determined by individual practices, organization practices, and the wider community in which the organization resides. To take a holistic approach to employee health, the workplace wellness program must cover all three levels.
Individual health determinants
The researchers estimate that individual determinants of health account for about 40% of human health. At the individual level, biology, genetics, age and gender affect human health. According to the researchers, these physiological determinants of health make up about 10% of human health.
The researchers also found that childhood experiences affect their health in adulthood. Injury in childhood negatively affects their health in adulthood.
Factors related to individual lifestyles, personal health practices and coping skills also play an important role in human health. According to the researchers, they can explain up to 40% of a person’s health.
The traditional approach to well-being at work tends to focus on individual health and lifestyle factors and, in particular, on personal health.
Organizational determinants of health
The researchers clearly established that human health is also determined by social and economic factors, as well as by individual factors. They are usually classified as social determinants of health. Studies have shown that social determinants of health account for 15% to 40% of human health.
Workplace management practices contribute significantly to the health and well-being of employees. Management practices can contribute to or harm the health and well-being of employees.
The work environment has a clear impact on the health and psychosocial well-being of employees. There is ample evidence of a link between workplace and health and employee well-being. Many working conditions have a big impact on the behaviour, health and well-being of employees.
If the workplace is unsanitary, why should we expect employees to be healthy? It is for this reason that effective and successful workplace health programmes in the 21st century focus both on the health of organizations and on the health of individual employees.
Community Health Determinants
Employees and employers are not alone. Both are influenced by the communities in which they live, work, play and operate. Typical determinants of community health are physical environments (air quality, water quality, sanitation, etc.), social environment and cultural environment. Access to health care and social services is included in the environment.
If healthy workers are good for the employer, healthy jobs are good for society. If you are considered a great place to work, it is good not only for the employer, but also for the community. The more good places to work in the community, the healthier the community will be.
Employers also contribute to public health through corporate social responsibility initiatives.
Well-being at work in the 21st century is more than just caring for the health of employees. Workplace well-being also includes organizational and community programs and activities.
Success plus value
Due to their multifaceted focus, employee health, well-being and well-being programmes can bring significant benefits to the employer. I invite you to let me help you build your own effective, successful and sustainable program. I specialize in directing workplace program coordinators and creating Done with You programs for employee health and well-being in the workplace.